Experts On Fileless Malware Campaign Abuses Legitimate Tools Node.js And WinDivert

An attack campaign targeting primarily the U.S. and Europe is leveraging two legitimate tools, the Node.js framework, and WinDivert, to install “fileless” malware that appears to either turn victims’ systems into proxies or perpetrates click fraud.

Microsoft, which discovered the campaign in mid-July, said thousands of machines have been targeted in the last several weeks alone, the majority of which belong to consumers.

Users are typically infected while browsing online, either by clicking on a malicious HTA file or when served a malvertisement. The JavaScript code in the HTA file downloads a second-stage component, which in turns launches PowerShell commands by hiding the encoded command text inside of an environment variable. These commands then download and execute multiple encrypted components with various functions. Among these components are Node.exe from Node.JS — a framework that can execute JavaScript outside of a web browser — and a shellcode to run WinDivert (Windows Packet Divert), a user-mode packet capture-and-divert package.

Nilesh Dherange, CTO,  Gurucul
October 01, 2019
Fileless malware is malicious code that exists only in memory.
Here’s the problem: traditional antivirus and anti-malware security software aren’t looking for fileless malware attacks. Fileless malware is malicious code that exists only in memory. Because this type of malware never gets installed on the target computer’s hard drive, it doesn’t exist as a file, so it eludes intrusion prevention systems and antivirus programs. Behavior analytics leverag ....
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